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In Depth

In Depth: Why Lebanon's Sunnis Support ISIS

in In Depth

Arsal News // ISIS militants who attacked the Lebanese army and civilians in Arsal, August 2014.Hilal Khashan (Middle East Quarterly) — The claim by a recent public opinion poll that only 1 percent of adult Lebanese Sunnis are supportive of the self-proclaimed Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS)[1] must be taken with a large pinch of salt since "there is a vast gulf between how people say they behave and how they actually behave."[2]

In fact, since Lebanese Sunnis are willing to support whoever can defeat their enemies and restore their pride, many of them find ISIS appealing for quite a few reasons: They have an aversion to Shiites and feel estranged from the Lebanese state while harboring nostalgia for the caliphate.

Many admire power in any form, and others have a predisposition to anomic terrorism.

In Depth: Does Islam Have a Role in Suicide Bombings?

in In Depth

Getty Images // A 2002 Palestinian bus bombing that killed 18 in Jerusalem.A.J. Caschetta (Middle East Quarterly) — When journalists, historians, psychologists, and experts in group dynamics, organizational structures, and criminal justice write about the unique set of circumstances that lead to suicide terrorism, they share the view that Islam has little to do with it.

Most analysts either downplay or ignore altogether the role of Islam in suicide terrorism while some attempt to refute the connection and condemn others for not doing so.

This reluctance to countenance the role of Islam and Islamism in suicide terrorism has led to some fantastical and far-fetched theories that blur the nature of the deed with euphemisms and neologisms ("tactical martyrdom,"[1] "sordid pleasure,"[2] "altruistic murder") and blame the victims, especially Israelis, for their unhappy fate. And far too often, the causes of suicide terrorism are said to be the policies of the West.

In Depth: Inside Nigeria’s Dirty War on Terror

in In Depth

Mohammed Elshamy/Anadolu Agency // A Nigerian Army soldier photographed in mid-May in a province controlled by Boko Haram.Jide Ajani (Vanguard) — After two weeks of intense investigation, Sunday Vanguard presents exclusive details of the dirty war going on between the Nigerian military, members of  the Jama’atu Ahliss-Sunnah Lidda’awati Wal Jihad (Western education is evil), otherwise known as Boko Haram.

Also included are some influential Nigerians who appear to have lent support to the terrorists on the one hand, and some officers and men of the Nigerian military who are aiding the operations of the terrorists in this war, as well as the sometimes naïve yet complicit contradictory disposition of Europe and America, which have both wittingly and unwittingly allowed the terrorists to gain ground and have become somewhat difficult to defeat.

Whereas the military is engaged in a battle on the warfront, the political and psychological component of the engagement appears to be currying sympathy for these mindless killers because of those who seem to share their ideological slant and who once (and have again) found their way to the corridors of power in a polity of clashing socio-political and religious interests.

In Depth: Beyond Guantanamo

in In Depth

Charles Dharapak/AP // A U.S. soldier closes the gate at a now-abandoned detention facility at Naval Station Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, Nov. 13, 2013.Molly O'Toole (Defense One) — As images of a man being burned alive in a cage flashed across the Internet in February, word spread through the Pentagon that the Islamic State had killed a Jordanian pilot. Over and over, Paul Lewis, the Defense Department official charged with closing Guantanamo, was asked the same question: “Did the pilot have an orange jumpsuit on?”

“And I had to say, ‘Yes, he did,’” Lewis said.

ISIS deliberately dresses its victims in the orange uniform synonymous with the U.S. military prison in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. Before it immolated Jordanian First Lt. Moaz al-Kasasbeh, the terror group chose the garish costume for the broadcasted beheadings of American journalists and other non-combatants. On Tuesday, ISIS released its latest graphic video, which purports to show 15 Iraqi men being executed in gruesome ways: drowned in a cage, blown up by a close-range rocket-propelled grenade, or beheaded by explosives detonated around their necks. They all wore orange jumpsuits.  

How to Stop Bleeding – A Must Know

in In Depth

Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics/Kam // Combat Application Tourniquet System (CATS) tourniquet in use.Juliet 2 (The Loadout Room) — As docs, all of us spend a lot of time training people how to do this basic medical stuff themselves.  We do this for several reasons.

First, remember Combat Medicine Axiom #1: We may be busy looking for work and pulling triggers. Second, you guys are gonna have to do your best to stay in the fight, so do as much as you can on your own. Finally, the current conflicts have shown that in some cases docs are the first ones the bad guys aim for.If you are the main med guy, don’t advertise it.

Since 85% or more of preventable deaths on the battlefield are due to hemorrhage you absolutely must know how to stop bleeding (knowledge and skill, not just gear).

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